Patagonian hog-nosed skunks are found in Chile and Argentina from 38 to 42 degrees south to the Strait of Magellan. (Fuller, et al., 1987)
Habitat use for Patagonian hog-nose skunks ranges from grass and shrub land to rocky outcroppings. They may also be found around human dwellings (e.g. houses, sheds, etc.). (Fuller, et al., 1987)is found at elevations from 200 to 700 m above sea level.
undergoes similar development as other mustelidae. At birth young weigh approximately one ounce. Growth to adulthood usually takes up to 3 months (Chapman and Feldhammer 1982).
The mating system of these animals has not been described.
Data are lacking on the breeding season of this species, but in congeneric Conepatus leuconotus in Texas, reproduction usually occurs between February and March. Gestation for lasts approximately 9 weeks. Patagonian hog-nosed skunks bear 3 to 7 altricial young. The reason for such a small litter is believed to be the relatively small number of mammae possessed by the females. Female Patagonian hog-nosed skunks have 3 pair of mammae, as opposed to other species of skunks, which may have more. Young are not “weaned” in the traditional sense, but simply stop nursing when able to take in a regular diet. (Chapman and Feldhamer, 1982; Fuller, et al., 1987)
The parental care of this species has not been described. However, other skunks give birth to altricial young, which are kept in a den or nest until they are able to walk about. The mother provides the young with food in the form of milk, and protection. (Nowak, 1999)
Little is known about the lifespan of (Chapman and Feldhamer, 1982)in the wild. However, similar species of hog-nosed skunk have lived up to 7 years in captivity.
Patagonian hog-nosed skunks are solitary creatures that are active mainly at night. Home ranges of individual skunks may overlap and range from 9.7 ha to 16.4 ha. During the daylight hours (Chapman and Feldhamer, 1982; Fuller, et al., 1987)seeks out burrows or dens for resting. It was observed that never returned to the same den during the day. Patagonian hog-nosed skunks forage exclusively in green grassy areas.
Home ranges vary from 9.7 to 16.4 ha. (Fuller, et al., 1987)
Patagonian hog-nosed skunks primarily eat insects. They may however feed on small mammals, shrubs, and fruit in addition to insects. (Fuller, et al., 1987)
There are reports that hog-nosed skunks in the Andes are immune to the venum of pit vipers. This might indicate an historic case of predation on these skunks by snakes which is no longer of importance, or it may indicate that the skunks prey on pit vipers. (Nowak, 1999)
The pelts of hog-nosed skunk were exported a great deal between 1960 and 1980. The pelts of Conepatus species. In 1983, was protected against export in Argentina and Chile. These animals are apparently still used in the pet trade. (Chapman and Feldhamer, 1982)were thought to be of lesser value than other
These anmals are not reported to have any negative economic impact on humans.
Very little is known about this particular species of hog-nosed skunk (e.g. population density, mating system, etc.). More research into the natural history of this species is required for complete understanding.
Nancy Shefferly (editor), Animal Diversity Web.
Weylan Shaw (author), Humboldt State University, Brian Arbogast (editor), Humboldt State University.
living in the southern part of the New World. In other words, Central and South America.
uses sound to communicate
living in landscapes dominated by human agriculture.
young are born in a relatively underdeveloped state; they are unable to feed or care for themselves or locomote independently for a period of time after birth/hatching. In birds, naked and helpless after hatching.
having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria.
an animal that mainly eats meat
Found in coastal areas between 30 and 40 degrees latitude, in areas with a Mediterranean climate. Vegetation is dominated by stands of dense, spiny shrubs with tough (hard or waxy) evergreen leaves. May be maintained by periodic fire. In South America it includes the scrub ecotone between forest and paramo.
uses smells or other chemicals to communicate
in mammals, a condition in which a fertilized egg reaches the uterus but delays its implantation in the uterine lining, sometimes for several months.
animals that use metabolically generated heat to regulate body temperature independently of ambient temperature. Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a (now extinct) synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities. Convergent in birds.
union of egg and spermatozoan
An animal that eats mainly insects or spiders.
offspring are produced in more than one group (litters, clutches, etc.) and across multiple seasons (or other periods hospitable to reproduction). Iteroparous animals must, by definition, survive over multiple seasons (or periodic condition changes).
having the capacity to move from one place to another.
This terrestrial biome includes summits of high mountains, either without vegetation or covered by low, tundra-like vegetation.
the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic.
active during the night
the business of buying and selling animals for people to keep in their homes as pets.
communicates by producing scents from special gland(s) and placing them on a surface whether others can smell or taste them
scrub forests develop in areas that experience dry seasons.
breeding is confined to a particular season
remains in the same area
reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female
digs and breaks up soil so air and water can get in
uses touch to communicate
Living on the ground.
A terrestrial biome. Savannas are grasslands with scattered individual trees that do not form a closed canopy. Extensive savannas are found in parts of subtropical and tropical Africa and South America, and in Australia.
A grassland with scattered trees or scattered clumps of trees, a type of community intermediate between grassland and forest. See also Tropical savanna and grassland biome.
A terrestrial biome found in temperate latitudes (>23.5° N or S latitude). Vegetation is made up mostly of grasses, the height and species diversity of which depend largely on the amount of moisture available. Fire and grazing are important in the long-term maintenance of grasslands.
uses sight to communicate
Chapman, J., G. Feldhamer. 1982. Wild Animals of North America. Biology, Management, and Economics. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Fuller, T., W. Johnson, W. Franklin, K. Johnson. 1987. Journal of Mammology, 68(4): 864-867.
Nowak, R. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World, Sixth Edition. Baltimore and London: John's Hopkins University Press.
Zapata, S., A. Travaini, R. Martinez-Peck. 2001. Acta Theriologica, 46(1): 97-102.